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The walls within: working with defenses against otherness

Online Conference 5-11 July 2021

The Evolution of Basic Assumptions in the Twenty-first Century Organizations

Systems psychodynamics provides an invaluable perspective for understanding large scale social, economic and cultural change. This paper considers the evolution of organizational life since World War II from the perspective of overriding Basic Assumptions, in Bion's terms. Finally, the challenges facing organizations in the twenty-first century are discussed, especially the search for hope that is both mature and located firmly within the depressive position.